Village of Bear Creek 2023 CCR

2023 Consumer Confidence Report Data
BEAR CREEK WATERWORKS, PWS ID:

44508673

Este informe contiene información importante acerca de su agua potable. Haga
que alguien lo traduzca para usted, o hable con alguien que lo entienda.
Dlaim ntawv tshaabzu nuav muaj lug tseemceeb heev nyob rua huv kws has txug
cov dlej mej haus. Kuas ib tug paab txhais rua koj, los nrug ib tug kws paub lug
thaam.
Water System Information
If you would like to know more about the information contained in this report, please contact
Eric Voigt at (920) 716-7284.
A copy of the CCR is available to the public by fax, mail, or hand upon request.
Opportunity for input on decisions affecting your water
quality
The Village Board meets at the Community Center on the second Monday of every month at
7:00pm.
Health Information
Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small
amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that
water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can
be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency's safe drinking water hotline (800-
426-4791).
Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general
population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing
chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other
immune systems disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections.
These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers.
EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by cryptosporidium
and other microbial contaminants are available from the Environmental Protection Agency's safe
drinking water hotline (800-426-4791).

Source(s) of Water
Source ID Source Depth (in feet) Status
2 Groundwater 201 Active
3 Groundwater 202 Active
To obtain a summary of the source water assessment please contact, Eric Voigt at (920) 716-
7284.
Educational Information
The sources of drinking water, both tap water and bottled water, include rivers, lakes, streams,
ponds, reservoirs, springs and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the
ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and
can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity.
Contaminants that may be present in source water include:
 Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage
treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations and wildlife.
 Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally- occurring or
result from urban stormwater runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil
and gas production, mining or farming.
 Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture,
urban stormwater runoff and residential uses.
 Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals,
which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also
come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff and septic systems.
 Radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas
production and mining activities.
In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations that limit the amount
of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. FDA regulations establish
limits for contaminants in bottled water, which shall provide the same protection for public
health.
Definitions
Term Definition
AL Action Level: The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers

treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.

HA and
HAL

HA: Health Advisory. An estimate of acceptable drinking water levels for a
chemical substance based on health effects information. HAL: Health Advisory

Level is a concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, poses a health risk
and may require a system to post a public notice. Health Advisories are
determined by US EPA.

HI

HI: Hazard Index: A Hazard Index is used to assess the potential health impacts
associated with mixtures of contaminants. Hazard Index guidance for a class of
contaminants or mixture of contaminants may be determined by the US EPA or
Wisconsin Department of Health Services. If a Health Index is exceeded a system
may be required to post a public notice.

Level 1
Assessment

A Level 1 assessment is a study of the water system to identify potential problems
and determine, if possible, why total coliform bacteria have been found in our
water system.

Level 2
Assessment

A Level 2 assessment is a very detailed study of the water system to identify
potential problems and determine, if possible, why an E. coli MCL violation has
occurred or why total coliform bacteria have been found in our water system, or
both, on multiple occasions.

MCL

Maximum Contaminant Level: The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed
in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best
available treatment technology.

MCLG

Maximum Contaminant Level Goal: The level of a contaminant in drinking water
below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a
margin of safety.
MFL million fibers per liter
MRDL

Maximum residual disinfectant level: The highest level of a disinfectant allowed
in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is
necessary for control of microbial contaminants.

MRDLG

Maximum residual disinfectant level goal: The level of a drinking water
disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs
do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial
contaminants.

mrem/year millirems per year (a measure of radiation absorbed by the body)
NTU Nephelometric Turbidity Units
pCi/l picocuries per liter (a measure of radioactivity)
ppm parts per million, or milligrams per liter (mg/l)
ppb parts per billion, or micrograms per liter (ug/l)
ppt parts per trillion, or nanograms per liter
ppq parts per quadrillion, or picograms per liter
PHGS

PHGS: Public Health Groundwater Standards are found in NR 140 Groundwater
Quality. The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, poses a health
risk and may require a system to post a public notice.

RPHGS

RPHGS: Recommended Public Health Groundwater Standards: Groundwater
standards proposed by the Wisconsin Department of Health Services. The
concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, poses a health risk and may
require a system to post a public notice.

SMCL

Secondary drinking water standards or Secondary Maximum Contaminant Levels
for contaminants that affect taste, odor, or appearance of the drinking water. The
SMCLs do not represent health standards.

TCR Total Coliform Rule
TT Treatment Technique: A required process intended to reduce the level of a

contaminant in drinking water.
Detected Contaminants
Your water was tested for many contaminants last year. We are allowed to monitor for some
contaminants less frequently than once a year. The following tables list only those contaminants
which were detected in your water. If a contaminant was detected last year, it will appear in the
following tables without a sample date. If the contaminant was not monitored last year, but was
detected within the last 5 years, it will appear in the tables below along with the sample date.
Disinfection Byproducts

Contaminant
(units) Site MCL MCLG Level
Found Range
Sample
Date (if
prior to
2023)

Violation Typical Source of
Contaminant

HAA5 (ppb) D-4 60 60 6 6 No

By-product of
drinking water
chlorination

TTHM (ppb) D-4 80 0 15.1 15.1 No

By-product of
drinking water
chlorination

Inorganic Contaminants

Contaminant
(units) Site MCL MCLG Level
Found Range
Sample
Date (if
prior to
2023)

Violation Typical Source of
Contaminant

ARSENIC
(ppb) 10 n/a 5 4 – 5 No

Erosion of natural
deposits; Runoff from
orchards; Runoff
from glass and
electronics
production wastes

BARIUM
(ppm)

2 2 0.043 0.041 –
0.043

No Discharge of drilling
wastes; Discharge
from metal refineries;

Erosion of natural
deposits

CHROMIUM
(ppb) 100 100 2 1 – 2 No

Discharge from steel
and pulp mills;
Erosion of natural
deposits

FLUORIDE
(ppm) 4 4 0.7 0.6 –

0.7 No

Erosion of natural
deposits; Water
additive which
promotes strong
teeth; Discharge from
fertilizer and
aluminum factories

NICKEL
(ppb) 100 1.2000
0.5200

1.2000

No

Nickel occurs
naturally in soils,
ground water and
surface waters and is
often used in
electroplating,
stainless steel and
alloy products.

SODIUM
(ppm) n/a n/a 7.20 6.63 –

7.20 No n/a

Contaminant
(units)

Action
Level MCLG
90th
Percentile
Level
Found

# of
Results

Sample
Date (if
prior to
2023)
Violation Typical Source of
Contaminant

COPPER
(ppm) AL=1.3 1.3 0.0850

0 of 5
results
were
above
the
action
level.

No

Corrosion of
household
plumbing systems;
Erosion of natural
deposits; Leaching
from wood
preservatives

LEAD (ppb) AL=15 0 0.96

0 of 5
results
were
above
the
action
level.

No

Corrosion of
household
plumbing systems;
Erosion of natural
deposits

Radioactive Contaminants

Contaminant
(units) Site MCL MCLG Level
Found Range
Sample
Date (if
prior to
2023)
Violation Typical Source of
Contaminant

GROSS BETA
PARTICLE
ACTIVITY
(pCi/l)

n/a n/a 1.1 1.1 No

Decay of natural and
man-made deposits.
MCL units are in
millirem/year.
Calculation for
compliance with
MCL is not possible
unless level found is
greater than 50 pCi/l.

GROSS
ALPHA,
EXCL. R & U
(pCi/l)

15 0 0.9 -0.7 –

1.7 No Erosion of natural

deposits

RADIUM,
(226 + 228)
(pCi/l)

5 0 0.8 -0.2 –

1.5 No Erosion of natural

deposits

GROSS
ALPHA,
INCL. R & U
(n/a)

n/a n/a 1.6 0.0 –

2.3 No Erosion of natural

deposits

COMBINED
URANIUM
(ug/l)

30 0 0.9 0.9 –

1.0 No Erosion of natural

deposits

Unregulated Contaminants
Unregulated contaminants are those for which EPA has not established drinking water standards.
The purpose of unregulated contaminant monitoring is to assist EPA in determining the
occurrence of unregulated contaminants in drinking water and whether future regulation is
warranted. EPA required us to participate in this monitoring.
UCMR 5 included testing for 29 PFAS compounds and lithium. Our water system did not have
any detected results in 2023.
Additional Health Information
If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant
women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components

associated with service lines and home plumbing. Bear Creek Waterworks is responsible for
providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in
plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the
potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water
for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have
your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take
to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at
www.epa.gov/safewater/lead.